Bariatric surgery includes a set of surgeries that can help you lose weight by changing your digestive system. It is also called bariatric surgery.

Certain types of bariatric surgery make your stomach smaller, which limits the amount of food and water you can eat and drink at a time, so you will feel full faster. Bariatric surgery transforms your small intestine; this intestine is the part of the digestive system that sucks up energy and nutrients from food and drinks which we take in our diet.

This weight loss surgery decreases the number of calories that the human body can take in. Bariatric surgery may also affect hormones or bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract by reducing appetite and hunger, improving the body’s metabolism of fat and using insulin.

If you are looking for new weight loss surgery options in 2021 then you can consider bariatric.

Weight loss surgery
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Will Weight loss surgery always work?

We find out that many people who go through bariatric surgery lose an average of 15% to 30% of their early weight all depends on the surgery.

No method or even a surgery can ensure and maintain weight loss. Some people have bad luck when they undergo weight loss surgery may not drop as much as they be expecting. catheterization

Eventually, some people will regain some of the weight. The weight that people regain may be different. Factors affecting weight recovery may include weight before surgery, type of surgery, and adherence to exercise and diet changes.

Bariatric surgery is making it easier for who want to reduce calorie intake and increase exercise intensity.

 Choosing healthy food and drinks before and after surgery may help you lose weight and maintain it for a long time. Regular physical exercise after surgery can also help reduce weight. In order to improve your health, you must live a healthy lifestyle and follow the advice of medical staff.

What are the new weight loss surgery options for 2021?

In the United States, usually do three types of surgeries:

  • Stomach sleeve
  • Gastric bypass
  • Adjustable gastric band

Surgeons rarely use the fourth type of surgery, which is accompanied by biliary and pancreatic transfer of the duodenal switch.

Stomach sleeve

In gastric sleeve surgery, most of the part of stomach is removed and convert it into banana shaped part, which is sealed with staples. Because of the surgery, it reduces the quantity of food that can put in the stomach, so you feel full. This surgery may also influence hormones or bacteria in the gastrointestinal system, thereby affecting craving and metabolism. Stomach sleeve is quite difficult; it cannot be reserved because part of the stomach is permanently removed.

Gastric bypass

Gastric bypass surgery consists of three steps. First, the surgeon nails your stomach with staples to form a pouch in the upper half. It makes stomach smaller, so you consume less because you are full earlier.

After initial step, your small intestine is separated into two parts and connects the lower part directly to the small stomach pouch. Food evades most of your stomach and upper part of the small intestine, so your body takes in fewer calories.

In the last, the surgeon reconnects the upper piece of the small intestine to a new position. That is missing from the lower part of the small intestine. This allows the digestive fluid in the stomach to gush from the bypass part of the small intestine to the lower part of the small intestine. In this way, food can be completely digested. It changes the hormones, bacteria and further substances in the gastrointestinal area, may have an effect on metabolism.

Adjustable gastric band

In an adjustable gastric band, the surgeon places a ring on the upper part of the stomach to form a pouch. Just like other surgeries, it makes you experience full after eating a little portion of food. In the internal belt is a round balloon filled with saline solution. The surgeon adjusts the inner band by inserting the saline solution throughout a tiny device positioned under the skin to alter the size of the opening from the bag to the rest of the stomach.

After surgery, you will require some follow-up visits to alter the size of the strap. If the strap is creating any kind of problem and not helping you lose weight, then it may remove.

Biliary pancreatic transfer weight loss surgery Bariatric surgery
Biliary pancreatic transfer

Biliary pancreatic transfer with duodenal switch

The surgical procedure called biliary-pancreatic transfer or “hybrid surgery” with duodenal switch involves two separate procedures.

The first process is alike to gastric sleeve surgery.

The second surgical operation split the small intestine into two parts. Food bypasses most of the small intestine and passes through an area.

This decreases the number of intake calories and the quantity of nutrients absorbed. Digestive juice flows from the stomach through another intestine and is mixed with food when it enters the colon.

How is the operation performed?

Bariatric surgery is usually performed under a laparoscope, and only requires a small incision under general anesthesia. Through these incisions, the surgeon can insert fine tools and small-scale instruments into the camera to project the image onto the video monitor. Compared with open surgery, laparoscopic surgery has fewer risks and can trim down pain and scars. Laparoscopic surgery may also recover faster. Therefore, we can say this is the safest weight loss surgery as compared to others.

For some people, open surgery may require a better option than laparoscopic surgery, which involves a single large incision in the abdomen.

What should I expect after the operation?

No need to tell the basic thing like after any kind of surgery, you have to rest and recover. Walking inside or around the house may help out you recover faster. Start slowly, and follow your healthcare professional’s recommendations on the types of physical exercises that can be done safely. When you feel more comfortable, add more physical exercise.

How much weight can I lose?

The weight that people lose after surgery depends on the individual and the type of surgery. One study found that after one year, people who have done adjustable gastric bands, gastric sleeves, and gastric bypass almost lost 38 to 87 pounds.

Among the three most common operations, gastric bypass surgery can reduce weight on average, but there are more complications one month after surgery. Most people will regain weight over time, but this is usually small compared to the initial weight loss.

Your weight loss may vary. Remember, achieving your goals depends on sticking to a healthy lifestyle.

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