body mass index BMI indicates your

BODY MASS INDEX (BMI), Calculate your Body Mass Index in BMI calculator

BMI body mass index chart
The Body Mass Index (BMI) How to find range: Image credit-bmicalculator.com

Body mass index (BMI) definition

Body Mass Index (BMI) is a key indicator that correlates weight with height. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) now describes normal weight, overweight and obesity based on BMI instead of the regular height/weight chart.

  • Women’s BMI is 27.3 or higher, and men’s BMI is 27.8 or higher.
  • Obesity is a BMI of 30 or higher for any sex (about 30 pounds overweight).
  • Muscular people may have a higher BMI without health risks.

In other words, Body mass index (BMI) meaning is an estimation of body fat based on height and weight. It does not directly calculate or measure body fat but uses equations for approximate calculations. BMI can help find out whether a person’s weight is unhealthy or healthy.

High Body Mass Index (BMI) means

A high BMI may indicate too much body fat, while a low BMI may indicate too much body fat. The greater a person’s BMI, the higher the chance of developing certain serious diseases (such as heart disease, high blood pressure and diabetes). A very low body mass index can also the root of health problems, including bone loss, decreased immune function, and anemia.

Although BMI can be used to screen children and adults for mass problems, it does have its limitations. BMI may miscalculate the amount of fat in athletes and other muscular people. It may also miscalculate the amount of fat in the elderly and other people who have reduce muscle mass.

Body Mass Index Formula

BMI is calculated by dividing a person’s body mass by the square of his height.

Calculate BMI

Your BMI is

How to find range?

To calculate BMI, add the height in feet and the weight in pounds. The calculator also provides a weight status chart to help you understand the results.

The calculation method of BMI is the same for people of all ages. However, the interpretation of BMI is different for adults and children.

BMI for Adults

Adults 20 years and older can understand their BMI according to the following average weight status categories. Men and women of all ages and sizes are the same:

BMI                Weight Status

Below 18.5      Underweight

18.5 – 24.9      Normal

25.0 – 29.9      Overweight

30.0 And above          Obese

BMI for Children

For people under the age of 20, the interpretation of BMI is different. Although the same formula implies to find out BMI for all ages, the impact on children and adolescents may vary according to age and gender. Body fat varies with age. Young boys and girls are also different. Girls usually get more body fat than boys get and develop earlier.

For children and adolescents, the CDC uses an age-growth chart “Trusted Source” to display BMI as a percentile ranking represents a child’s BMI relative to other kids of the same age and gender. For example, if a kid’s BMI reaches or exceeds the 95th percentile, it is considered obese. This means that compared with 95% of children of the same age and gender type, they have more body fat.

Percentile        Weight Status

Below 5th       Underweight

5th to 85th      Normal or healthy weight

85th to 95th    Overweight

95th and above           Obese

What is the best BMI for women?

Most women have a BMI of 18.5–24.9. Even though healthcare professionals can use BMI as a screening tool, they should not be used as a method to assess a person’s body fat level or health status. Remember, health is not just about weight or body composition.

BMI helps in idetifying healht issues: Image credit-pexels.com

BMI identifies Health Issues

People gain weight due to energy difference. The human body wants a certain amount of food energy to function properly. This energy is attained in the form of calories. When you consume the same number of calories that your body consumes or “burns” each day, your weight usually remains the same. If you eat extra calories than you do burn, you will put on weight over time.

Energy unevenness is undoubtedly one of the major factors leading to weight gain. However, your best weight mainly depends on genetic factors, as well as the type of food you eat and the amount of exercise. If your BMI is high, you must lower it to maintain a healthy weight. A high body mass index (BMI) is associated with a greater risk of serious health conditions, such as:

  • Stroke
  • Liver disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart disease
  • Certain cancers

Body fat rather than BMI is more related to the aforementioned health risks. By exercising at least 3 times a week, you be capable of reduce body fat and gain a healthier weight. You should also follow certain eating lifestyle, such as eating only when you are starving, eating carefully, and selecting a diet rich in unprocessed foods. You can also take advantage from nutrition counseling. A dietitian can instruct you which foods to consume and how much food you should munch to lose weight.

BMI indicates your future

Just as a high BMI can cause health troubles, a low BMI can also cause health problems. Insufficient body fat may cause:

  • Heart problem
  • Bone loss
  • Decrease immune function
  • Anemia

If your BMI is a little low, consult a doctor. If required, increasing the quantity of food, you eat or dropping the amount of exercise can facilitate you gain weight. A dietitian can also assist you to find out how to gain weight in a healthy way.

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Weight loss surgery

WEIGHT LOSS SURGERY

Bariatric surgery includes a set of surgeries that can help you lose weight by changing your digestive system. It is also called bariatric surgery.

Certain types of bariatric surgery make your stomach smaller, which limits the amount of food and water you can eat and drink at a time, so you will feel full faster. Bariatric surgery transforms your small intestine; this intestine is the part of the digestive system that sucks up energy and nutrients from food and drinks which we take in our diet.

This weight loss surgery decreases the number of calories that the human body can take in. Bariatric surgery may also affect hormones or bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract by reducing appetite and hunger, improving the body’s metabolism of fat and using insulin.

If you are looking for new weight loss surgery options in 2021 then you can consider bariatric.

Weight loss surgery
Weight Loss Surgery FaQ: Image credit-pexels.com

Will Weight loss surgery always work?

We find out that many people who go through bariatric surgery lose an average of 15% to 30% of their early weight all depends on the surgery.

No method or even a surgery can ensure and maintain weight loss. Some people have bad luck when they undergo weight loss surgery may not drop as much as they be expecting. catheterization

Eventually, some people will regain some of the weight. The weight that people regain may be different. Factors affecting weight recovery may include weight before surgery, type of surgery, and adherence to exercise and diet changes.

Bariatric surgery is making it easier for who want to reduce calorie intake and increase exercise intensity.

 Choosing healthy food and drinks before and after surgery may help you lose weight and maintain it for a long time. Regular physical exercise after surgery can also help reduce weight. In order to improve your health, you must live a healthy lifestyle and follow the advice of medical staff.

What are the new weight loss surgery options for 2021?

In the United States, usually do three types of surgeries:

  • Stomach sleeve
  • Gastric bypass
  • Adjustable gastric band

Surgeons rarely use the fourth type of surgery, which is accompanied by biliary and pancreatic transfer of the duodenal switch.

Stomach sleeve

In gastric sleeve surgery, most of the part of stomach is removed and convert it into banana shaped part, which is sealed with staples. Because of the surgery, it reduces the quantity of food that can put in the stomach, so you feel full. This surgery may also influence hormones or bacteria in the gastrointestinal system, thereby affecting craving and metabolism. Stomach sleeve is quite difficult; it cannot be reserved because part of the stomach is permanently removed.

Gastric bypass

Gastric bypass surgery consists of three steps. First, the surgeon nails your stomach with staples to form a pouch in the upper half. It makes stomach smaller, so you consume less because you are full earlier.

After initial step, your small intestine is separated into two parts and connects the lower part directly to the small stomach pouch. Food evades most of your stomach and upper part of the small intestine, so your body takes in fewer calories.

In the last, the surgeon reconnects the upper piece of the small intestine to a new position. That is missing from the lower part of the small intestine. This allows the digestive fluid in the stomach to gush from the bypass part of the small intestine to the lower part of the small intestine. In this way, food can be completely digested. It changes the hormones, bacteria and further substances in the gastrointestinal area, may have an effect on metabolism.

Adjustable gastric band

In an adjustable gastric band, the surgeon places a ring on the upper part of the stomach to form a pouch. Just like other surgeries, it makes you experience full after eating a little portion of food. In the internal belt is a round balloon filled with saline solution. The surgeon adjusts the inner band by inserting the saline solution throughout a tiny device positioned under the skin to alter the size of the opening from the bag to the rest of the stomach.

After surgery, you will require some follow-up visits to alter the size of the strap. If the strap is creating any kind of problem and not helping you lose weight, then it may remove.

Biliary pancreatic transfer weight loss surgery Bariatric surgery
Biliary pancreatic transfer

Biliary pancreatic transfer with duodenal switch

The surgical procedure called biliary-pancreatic transfer or “hybrid surgery” with duodenal switch involves two separate procedures.

The first process is alike to gastric sleeve surgery.

The second surgical operation split the small intestine into two parts. Food bypasses most of the small intestine and passes through an area.

This decreases the number of intake calories and the quantity of nutrients absorbed. Digestive juice flows from the stomach through another intestine and is mixed with food when it enters the colon.

How is the operation performed?

Bariatric surgery is usually performed under a laparoscope, and only requires a small incision under general anesthesia. Through these incisions, the surgeon can insert fine tools and small-scale instruments into the camera to project the image onto the video monitor. Compared with open surgery, laparoscopic surgery has fewer risks and can trim down pain and scars. Laparoscopic surgery may also recover faster. Therefore, we can say this is the safest weight loss surgery as compared to others.

For some people, open surgery may require a better option than laparoscopic surgery, which involves a single large incision in the abdomen.

What should I expect after the operation?

No need to tell the basic thing like after any kind of surgery, you have to rest and recover. Walking inside or around the house may help out you recover faster. Start slowly, and follow your healthcare professional’s recommendations on the types of physical exercises that can be done safely. When you feel more comfortable, add more physical exercise.

How much weight can I lose?

The weight that people lose after surgery depends on the individual and the type of surgery. One study found that after one year, people who have done adjustable gastric bands, gastric sleeves, and gastric bypass almost lost 38 to 87 pounds.

Among the three most common operations, gastric bypass surgery can reduce weight on average, but there are more complications one month after surgery. Most people will regain weight over time, but this is usually small compared to the initial weight loss.

Your weight loss may vary. Remember, achieving your goals depends on sticking to a healthy lifestyle.

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