Weight loss surgery

WEIGHT LOSS SURGERY

Bariatric surgery includes a set of surgeries that can help you lose weight by changing your digestive system. It is also called bariatric surgery.

Certain types of bariatric surgery make your stomach smaller, which limits the amount of food and water you can eat and drink at a time, so you will feel full faster. Bariatric surgery transforms your small intestine; this intestine is the part of the digestive system that sucks up energy and nutrients from food and drinks which we take in our diet.

This weight loss surgery decreases the number of calories that the human body can take in. Bariatric surgery may also affect hormones or bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract by reducing appetite and hunger, improving the body’s metabolism of fat and using insulin.

If you are looking for new weight loss surgery options in 2021 then you can consider bariatric.

Weight loss surgery
Weight Loss Surgery FaQ: Image credit-pexels.com

Will Weight loss surgery always work?

We find out that many people who go through bariatric surgery lose an average of 15% to 30% of their early weight all depends on the surgery.

No method or even a surgery can ensure and maintain weight loss. Some people have bad luck when they undergo weight loss surgery may not drop as much as they be expecting. catheterization

Eventually, some people will regain some of the weight. The weight that people regain may be different. Factors affecting weight recovery may include weight before surgery, type of surgery, and adherence to exercise and diet changes.

Bariatric surgery is making it easier for who want to reduce calorie intake and increase exercise intensity.

 Choosing healthy food and drinks before and after surgery may help you lose weight and maintain it for a long time. Regular physical exercise after surgery can also help reduce weight. In order to improve your health, you must live a healthy lifestyle and follow the advice of medical staff.

What are the new weight loss surgery options for 2021?

In the United States, usually do three types of surgeries:

  • Stomach sleeve
  • Gastric bypass
  • Adjustable gastric band

Surgeons rarely use the fourth type of surgery, which is accompanied by biliary and pancreatic transfer of the duodenal switch.

Stomach sleeve

In gastric sleeve surgery, most of the part of stomach is removed and convert it into banana shaped part, which is sealed with staples. Because of the surgery, it reduces the quantity of food that can put in the stomach, so you feel full. This surgery may also influence hormones or bacteria in the gastrointestinal system, thereby affecting craving and metabolism. Stomach sleeve is quite difficult; it cannot be reserved because part of the stomach is permanently removed.

Gastric bypass

Gastric bypass surgery consists of three steps. First, the surgeon nails your stomach with staples to form a pouch in the upper half. It makes stomach smaller, so you consume less because you are full earlier.

After initial step, your small intestine is separated into two parts and connects the lower part directly to the small stomach pouch. Food evades most of your stomach and upper part of the small intestine, so your body takes in fewer calories.

In the last, the surgeon reconnects the upper piece of the small intestine to a new position. That is missing from the lower part of the small intestine. This allows the digestive fluid in the stomach to gush from the bypass part of the small intestine to the lower part of the small intestine. In this way, food can be completely digested. It changes the hormones, bacteria and further substances in the gastrointestinal area, may have an effect on metabolism.

Adjustable gastric band

In an adjustable gastric band, the surgeon places a ring on the upper part of the stomach to form a pouch. Just like other surgeries, it makes you experience full after eating a little portion of food. In the internal belt is a round balloon filled with saline solution. The surgeon adjusts the inner band by inserting the saline solution throughout a tiny device positioned under the skin to alter the size of the opening from the bag to the rest of the stomach.

After surgery, you will require some follow-up visits to alter the size of the strap. If the strap is creating any kind of problem and not helping you lose weight, then it may remove.

Biliary pancreatic transfer weight loss surgery Bariatric surgery
Biliary pancreatic transfer

Biliary pancreatic transfer with duodenal switch

The surgical procedure called biliary-pancreatic transfer or “hybrid surgery” with duodenal switch involves two separate procedures.

The first process is alike to gastric sleeve surgery.

The second surgical operation split the small intestine into two parts. Food bypasses most of the small intestine and passes through an area.

This decreases the number of intake calories and the quantity of nutrients absorbed. Digestive juice flows from the stomach through another intestine and is mixed with food when it enters the colon.

How is the operation performed?

Bariatric surgery is usually performed under a laparoscope, and only requires a small incision under general anesthesia. Through these incisions, the surgeon can insert fine tools and small-scale instruments into the camera to project the image onto the video monitor. Compared with open surgery, laparoscopic surgery has fewer risks and can trim down pain and scars. Laparoscopic surgery may also recover faster. Therefore, we can say this is the safest weight loss surgery as compared to others.

For some people, open surgery may require a better option than laparoscopic surgery, which involves a single large incision in the abdomen.

What should I expect after the operation?

No need to tell the basic thing like after any kind of surgery, you have to rest and recover. Walking inside or around the house may help out you recover faster. Start slowly, and follow your healthcare professional’s recommendations on the types of physical exercises that can be done safely. When you feel more comfortable, add more physical exercise.

How much weight can I lose?

The weight that people lose after surgery depends on the individual and the type of surgery. One study found that after one year, people who have done adjustable gastric bands, gastric sleeves, and gastric bypass almost lost 38 to 87 pounds.

Among the three most common operations, gastric bypass surgery can reduce weight on average, but there are more complications one month after surgery. Most people will regain weight over time, but this is usually small compared to the initial weight loss.

Your weight loss may vary. Remember, achieving your goals depends on sticking to a healthy lifestyle.

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Feminism-what-is-feminism

FEMINISM: FEMINIST GLOW-THE REAL BEAUTY OF WOMEN

What is feminism? To elaborate on this question, to sum up in one sentence we would like to say that it exists to promote and protect the rights of all kinds of women and girls. This is the vision to achieve gender equality for all and works towards this goal through planned partnerships. It includes sports construction in the Asia-Pacific region; and research, policy, and publicity all over the world.

It is not the only international development organization defending women’s rights. However, they are the only ones who do it from a feminist perspective.

Feminism means

Feminism means everything is for everyone equally. They are not responsible for defining feminism in any other exact terms, but they want to clarify some basic knowledge about feminism.

Feminism is all about respecting the experiences, identities, knowledge and advantages of various women, and striving to empower all women to realize all their rights.

This is to balance the competitive environment between men and women and ensure that diverse men and women have equal life opportunities.

Inclusiveness is a central part of our feminism. You may have heard the phrase “communicative” or “communicative feminism” appearing more and more. Intersection is taking place in public affairs about feminism but this not a new phenomenon.

Did you ever hear the term “intersectional feminism”? Maybe you feel it a complicated but if we see the other side and read deeply about it. Then, we come to know that it is the only term that intersects between gender and other discrimination like race, age, class, socioeconomic status, physical or mental ability, gender or sexual identity, religion, or race interaction.

The barriers faced by middle-class women living in New York City are different from those faced by gay living in rural Fiji.

Feminism definition what is feminism
Feminism: Feminist glow can fade the darkness of the society

Feminist definition

There are many different uses of the term “feminism”. For example, some writers used the word “feminism” to describe some specific political activities in the history of the United States and Europe. Some of them use this term to viewpoint about women’s injustices. The term “feminism” in English related to women’s activism from the late 19th century and still, it distinguishes feminist ideas or beliefs from feminist political movements even in periods when there is no significant political activism it is also very useful. Around the subordinate status of women, people have been paying attention to women’s justice and have carried out theoretical research on women’s justice.

Sexism definition

There is one more term used in feminism is sexism discrimination is related to beliefs surrounding the basic nature of men and women and their roles in society. The hypothesis of sexism discrimination against men and women is manifested in gender stereotypes, which can rank one gender above another. Gender discrimination can reach everyone, but women are particularly vulnerable.

Feminist theory

Many people mistakenly believe that feminist theory only targets girls and women, and its inherent goal is to promote women’s superiority to men.

The experiences and opinions of women and girls have not been excluded from social theory. And social science for many years in history, many feminist theories have focused on their interactions and experiences in society to ensure Half of the world’s population will not be excluded by us. Take a look and understand social forces, relationships, and problems.

Part of what makes feminist theory creative and inclusive is that it often takes into account how power and oppressive systems interact, that is, it not only focuses on gender power and oppression, but also focuses on the relationship between system racism and hierarchy how to intersect system, gender, nationality and (disabled) ability, etc.

Women’s rights movements

The Women’s Rights Movement, you can say this Women’s Liberation Movement also, is a social movement mainly start from the United States, for equal rights and opportunities and personal freedom for women. It coincides with the “second wave” of feminism and is considered a part of it. The first wave of feminism aroused in the 19th and early 20th centuries and after the second wave of feminism focused on women’s legal rights, especially the right to vote, including politics and work, Family, and sexuality. Beginning in the mid-1990s and early 2010s, organized actions by women and women’s representatives continued until the third and fourth waves of feminism.

Famous women in history

The history of famous women in the world is not just the sum of its outstanding figures. These women enjoy a strong position in the collective consciousness of society and known as female role models in history.

But like other historical subsets, “Women’s History” is not just about the intermittent elections of monarchS. The suffrage movement, occasional outstanding writers, pioneering aviatrix, devout religious figures, feminist angry forms, and other headlines.

These women who changed the world and others like them not only won but also performed well when personal, economic, political, and racial barriers were threatened. If you walk along Cliché Lane for a while, these cards pile up against these women, but they bet on the farm and win. Everyone can be related to this and related to his or her story.

Their lives are full of adventure, romance, loss and victory. Heloise witnessed the letter from a medieval convent to her twelve-year-old French father. Marvel at the details of Isabelle Eberhardt’s solo exploration in the Sahara Desert in the early 1900s.

1932 Olympic Games

At the 1932 Olympic Games, Babe Didrikson won two gold medals in track and field and then won the LPGA. They are the most powerful females in history.

However, apart from the occasional matrilineal monarch or Taoist or missing beasts, the history of women is usually the secondary history of drinking tea when signing documents, caring for men injured in battle, and winning the male election. But in the tea drinking and the rearing of the wounded, hidden in the shadows under the spotlight, we are just the easiest story to involve in the story of men and women.

Although we can concur that certain documents, battles and elections will change the course of history no doubt, but we pedestrians are the stars of these major events. We are actors, with thousands of footnotes, not headlines, and the purpose is to mix metaphors.

In this sense, the history of most women, both men and women, is closer to us than any other history. Let’s face it, it’s as amazing as we humans think, the truth is that it is easier for us to drink tea than to sign a treaty. The history of women who changed the world, like other historical subsets (ethnic history, art history, social history, cultural history, archaeology, etc.), mainly involves 99.9% of things that happen outside of treaties, wars, and elections. By studying these subsets, we benefit from a richer perspective that is generally considered conventional history.

Feminism is not what people think
Girl Power and Feminist Glow is the true beauty of Feminism

Inspiring women in history

Joan of Arc: Joan of Arc has become a world-famous icon in France in 1412. During her lifetime, she played an important role in the Hundred Years’ War, and after her death, she became a saint in 1920.

Queen Isabella:

Queen Isabella and her husband, King Ferdinand II of Aragon, unified Spain through the combined rule of Castile and Aragon. Together, they have brought many advances to Spain, including reducing crime and debt.

Queen Elizabeth I (1533 – 1603) Queen of England.

Elizabeth I was the last term of the Tudor dynasty. Although the throne was turbulent, she controlled England with considerable diplomatic means and brought a period of peace and enlightenment to Britain.

Pocahontas (1595 – 1617).

Pocahontas is a Native American princess of the Bohatan tribe. It is believed that she saved the life of Captain John Smith, leader of the Jamestown colony. This move and her marriage to the Jamestown colonists helped establish peace between the natives and the colonists and helped the colony survive.

Queen Anne:

Queen Anne (1665-1714) is the last Stuart monarch of Britain.

Catherine the Great:

Catherine the Great was the queen of Russia. During her reign, she greatly expanded the borders of Russia, promoted education and enlightenment, and continued to advocate the rights of nobility and the reduction of serfdom.

Abigail Adams:

Abigail Adams is the wife of John Adams, the second president of the United States of America. During the husband’s travel, the two kept in touch via letters, which clearly explained their time and relationship.

Sacagawea:

Guide and interpreter (1788-1812) Sacagawea was a Lemi Shoshone Native American woman. She traveled with Lewis and Clark, helping them to be guides and interpreters.

Harriet Beecher Stowe

Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811 – 1896) authored the book “Uncle Tom’s Cabin”, which aroused people’s fear of slavery.

Queen Victoria (1819-1901)

Queen Victoria is the longest ruled monarch in Britain and ruled the so-called Victorian era.

(Elizabeth Cady Stanton, 1815-1902)

 She was pioneer of the women’s rights movement.

Susan B. Anthony (1820-1906)

Susan B. Anthony (1820-1906) founded the National Women’s Suffrage Association and was an early leader of the women’s suffrage movement.

Florence Nightingale (1820 – 1910)

Florence Nightingale (1820 – 1910) was a British nurse who was considered a pioneer in modern nursing.

Harriet Tubman (1820 – 1913)

Harriet Tubman (1820 – 1913) was born into a slave. Tubman was the most famous member of the Underground Railway.

Clara Barton (1821 – 1912)

Clara Barton (1821 – 1912) the most famous civil war nurse Clara Barton (Clara Barton) later founded the American Red Cross.

Emily Dickinson

Emily Dickinson wrote nearly 2,000 poems in her life, most of which were not published until after her death. Her poems are often poignant and beautiful, and many poems revolve around the mystery of death.

Gloria Steinem (Gloria Steinem)

Gloria Steinem is a journalist and author of several books. She is most famous for her life-long commitment to the workplace, politics, and all other social aspects to achieve women’s equality.

Barbara Jordan

Barbara Jordan, (1936-1996) was the first African-American from the southern state, served in the U.S. House of Representatives, and was the first African-American to give a keynote speech at the Democratic National Convention

Madeleine Albright

Madeleine Albright, (1937) was appointed as the first woman of the US Secretary of State

Hillary Rodham Clinton

Hillary Clinton is the 67th Secretary of State of the United States. She is married to former US President Bill Clinton and is known for the way she handled scandals during her husband’s presidency.

Oprah Winfrey

Oprah Winfrey is an American celebrity and icon. She started her career in journalism and created her own talk show, which has won numerous awards and currently has her own syndicated network.

Feminist quotes

Fortunately, even in the face of discrimination, violence, etc., there are still many women fighting for equality. From securing voting rights to our ongoing struggle for pay equality and the ongoing fight against climate change, women are leading the way.

While doing so, they inspire us with their actions and words. From Beyoncé to Maya Angelou and Emma Watson, from funny to moving; we have compiled some of the empowering feminist quotes in female history.

Feminism quote of Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton quote
Emma wattson feminism
Emma Wattson quote on Feminism
Michelle Obama quotes
Feminist Glow the Inner beauty of our women Michelle Obama quote on Feminism

 

1st trimester of pregnancy

1ST TRIMESTER OF PREGNANCY

After a successful pregnancy test, Congratulations! You are pregnant. Are you ready for the changes you will face in the 1st trimester of pregnancy?

You may not look pregnant in your 1st trimester yet-but you may feel it. That’s because a large amount of progesterone is preparing your body to play the role of a hostess in the next 9 months-therefore, you may suffer a lot of soreness due to fatigue and flatulence. Although you may be dissatisfied with some of these symptoms, remind yourself that these temporary discomforts are part of an incredible internal process: you are giving birth to a baby!

What happens in the 1st trimester of pregnancy?

The baby proliferates in the first trimester. The fetus’s brain and spinal cord, and organs are forming. The baby’s heart will also start beating in the first trimester. The upper and lower part begin to sprout in the first few weeks, and after eight weeks, the fingers and toes begin to form.

How many weeks are in the 1st trimester of pregnancy?

The first trimester is from the 1st week to the 13th week of pregnancy.

Not sure, when are you pregnant? The first step in determining the current week is to calculate the due date. Keep in mind that your dates may change (especially if your dates are irregular), so try to go with the flow.

 1st trimester of pregnancy
Baby at week one and two

Week 1 in 1st trimester of pregnancy

Here we cannot say you are pregnant or not.  Yet the time is starting from the first day of the last month. Therefore, it is said that the pregnancy time is 40 weeks; you can only conceive your little one for 38 weeks.

If you want to be a mother, start taking a prenatal vitamin daily. Also, give up any unhealthy habits, such as smoking or intaking alcohol.

Week 2

Ovulation happens in the 2nd week of the first trimester. You should have sex once to 2 days previous to the estimated ovulation date for the maximum chance of pregnancy.

Week 3

Week 3

You may be pregnant, but you may not face any pregnancy symptoms in the first trimester.

Do not try to take any medications without asking your doctor. Primarily, please keep away from all foodstuffs containing vitamin A. In other words, many diseases (such as asthma and diabetes) have to need continuous treatment, so consult your doctor before stopping any compulsory medications.

1st trimester of pregnancy

Week 4

Here in the first trimester, you can get news of positive pregnancy tests! Now you can feel swelling, cramping, tired and grumpy. Most women may experience breast soreness, nausea/vomiting, and often need to urinate. However, if you are not feeling any early pregnancy symptoms, don’t worry. That is normal.

What should you do now? Buy additional support bras if the breasts are getting swollen. Most women will grow up a cup size in the first few weeks.

Also, please be careful to avoid chemicals and second-hand smoke.

1st trimester of pregnancy week 5

Week 5

Here, the embryo size is about a grain of sand, the heart has started to draw blood, mainly organs are developing, and arm and leg buds come out. You might begin to familiarity the “pregnant brain.”

5 weeks pregnant, women should also schedule an appointment with an obstetrician or midwife. Mostly doctors or midwives give you time for a checkup for the first time in six to ten weeks.

1st trimester of pregnancy week 6

Week 6

Now that pregnancy feels more accurate, you may worry regarding a miscarriage. Encourage yourself that you can’t do anything that causes a miscarriage except for extreme drug use behaviors. However, some studies have linked miscarriage in early pregnancy to excessive daily caffeine intake. For safety reasons, please bound your intake to 200 mg or fewer per day.

Here you can think about pregnancy announcements, are you ready to tell your family, friends, and boss that you are pregnant. Some have to remain silent until the first three months before the risk of miscarriage decreases.

1st trimester of pregnancy week 7

Week 7

The embryo has increased like doubled, but just half an inch long. As in pregnancy, hormones change or increase, morning sickness may worsen.

If you feel nauseous, try to eat a few more meals throughout the day (especially rice with ginger and orange), avoid strong odors, and wear an acupressure wristband.

Try not to overeat: In the 1st trimester of pregnancy, the weight gain should be small, but if you occasionally give in, don’t feel guilty.

Week 8

Are you excited about your first ultrasound or listen to the baby’s heartbeat? When you see or listen to it, your risk of miscarriage goes down to about 2%. You can get an official due date-although few women give birth on that day.

Week 9

The pressure of the growing uterus on the bladder may cause you to leak a small amount of urine. As a solution, start to do Kegels. The method is as follows: squeeze the muscles around the vagina, just like stopping urine. Get pregnant several times at a time, several times at a time. They can strengthen your pelvic floor muscles and help you become incontinent while preparing for labor.

Week 10

Your baby is now called a fetus with a length of one inch. Although the harsh side effects of pregnancy may begin to decrease, your nervousness about a healthy baby may increase.

If you are over 35, please make a meeting to talk about genetic screening or diagnostic tests. They will look for some congenital disabilities, usually within 10 to 12 weeks

Week 11

Your cravings may make you a little bit ashamed. Strange non-food cravings are called pica and may reflect your inadequate diet. If you experience pica, call your doctor.

If you are undergoing 1st-trimester screening, the test is for Down syndrome and other chromosomal abnormalities, and you must make an appointment. You must complete the test between 11 and 14 weeks.

Here you can question when to find out the gender of the baby?

Please note, by the 11th week of the first trimester, almost all fetal organs begin to function, and the genitals begin to take on a male or female form. 

medical accurate 3d illustration of a fetus week 13

Week 12

Your uterus has begun to get bigger outside the protecting bones of your pelvis. By the end of pregnancy, its size will increase nearly 1,000 times! You may start showing it now, especially if this is not your first child.

From now on, avoid any activities that may cause falls or injuries, such as horse riding. Also, avoid doing exercises that need you to lie horizontally because your increasing fetus will put too much weight on the large veins, which will reduce blood flow to the uterus. First trimester workout is quite different from other regular exercises, so make sure to do that instead of your pre-pregnancy exercises

Foetus at 13 weeks, computer artwork.

Week 13

You have completed the first three months of pregnancy here—plan to gain about 12 pounds in the next 14 weeks or so. To support your baby’s growth without gaining weight, get 300 extra calories from healthy foods every day.

What should I avoid during my first trimester?

It is essential to keep away from foods that may contain bacteria, parasites, or toxins during pregnancy.

How do you feel in the first trimester of pregnancy?

Although your first sign of pregnancy is a missed period, you can look forward to other physical changes in the coming weeks, including:

  • The breasts are tender and swollen
  • Nausea but it could be with or without vomiting
  • Increase in urination
  • Fatigue
  • Cravings and disgust for food
  • Heartburn
  • Constipation

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